The svastika is an equilateral cross with bent arms. Usually the arms "point" in a clockwise direction, but the reverse also appears in Buddhist iconography and symbolism. This symbol is prevalent throughout a vast number of ancient cultures. The svastika itself is arguably the most sacred symbol of the Indian people, often used as a solar emblem. A buddhist statue with a svastika In Buddhism, the svastika symbolizes either the feet or the footprints of the enlightene
Shaivism is the second largest branch of Hinduism, with over 198,000,000 adherents worldwide. It was formed between 200 BCE to 100 CE, and fully recognized as a branch of Hinduism during the early Gupta period (c. 320 CE). Adherents, called Shaivites, worship Shiva as the central deity. Many Shaivites also worship Devi (also known as Shakti), the main consort of Shiva. The more esoteric the Shaivite tradition, the more likely it is to emphasize Devi worship. Statue of the god Shiva in Murud
Portrait of John Wycliffe John Wycliffe (c. 1330-1384) was a brilliant theologian and ardent patriot who stood up to the entire Roman Catholic hierarchy more than once in defending his positions. He supported the traditional independence of bishops over their diocese during a generation in which the papacy continued to expand its power. He believed that clerical abuses annulled the clergy's authority over the people, and he sought to replace the professional clerical class with a biblical
Atheism is the modern name for the willful denial of the existence of deities.Although the term "atheos" can be traced back to the 5th century BCE, it did not imply the willful disbelief in all divinities. This meaning, exemplified in the English word "atheism," did not apply until the 17th century. This belief functions chiefly as a response to the cross-cultural belief in an omnipresent, omnipotent, and omniscient supreme deity that is responsible for the creation of the world or universe.
The Great Mosque in Mecca is Islam's largest mosque. It surrounds the Kaaba, Islam's holiest site and the direction faced during prayer. Because it holds the Kaaba, which Muslims are expected to visit at least once during their lifetime, the mosque receives approximately two million Muslims every year during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijja, when Muslims participate in hajj. Despite its enormous size—it can hold approximately 820,000 people—it cannot accommodate all pilgrims participatin
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