Juche Overview

Juche is a political communist ideology utilized in North Korea. Though it is not actually a religion, it is practiced with similar fervor. It was first implemented around 1955, when Kim Il Sung 金日成 (April 15, 1912 – July 8, 1994) served as Prime Minister. The ideology of Juche originally indicated that developing countries should be able to rely on their own resources in order to develop. The Juche Tower in Pyongyang, North Korea. At the base of the tower, three figures hold tools that tog

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Ram Navami

Ram Navami literally indicates "the ninth day of Rama," a legendary folk hero and central figure in the Indian epic tradition. The "ninth day" refers to the date on which the celebration occurs, the ninth day of the month of Caitr. In some areas, this festival is celebrated for nine days. This nine-day variation of Ram Navami is known as Vasanta Navaratri, or "the nine nights of Spring." Celebrates the birth of Rama in the material world. Date of observance: Ram Navami is celebrated durin

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Defining Sacred Space in Shinto

The definition of sacred space is a crucial part of Shinto practice. Since the kami are believed to exist virtually anywhere, it is important to delineate areas that have been purified or are otherwise ritually important. Sacred space is defined in two main ways within Shinto: they may be designated with an architectural structure called a torii  or by the use of a sacred cord called a shimenawa . Paper streamers, or shide, and sacred cord, or shimenawa, hang from a torii An arch

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A caliphate refers to a religio-political state uniting Muslims under a single ruler, or caliph. At Muhammad's death, no clear succession had been established. The Prophet's closest advisor was chosen by the ummah as leader of the community with the title "caliph." Three more successors were chosen by the ummah, and this time was known as the Golden Age of Pure Islam. In the following centuries, several families and tribes ruled over an Islamic Empire that, at its height, extended from the In

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John Calvin

John Calvin

Introduction John Calvin (1509-1564) was a French theologian and ecclesiastical statesman. A leader in the French Reformation movement, he has been called the most important figure in the Reformation's second generation. His interpretation of Christianity, with the institutional and social patterns he established in Geneva, served as the inspiration for Protestant movements elsewhere. His followers eventually formed the Calvinist denomination. Depiction of John Calvin John Calvin was bo

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