Lewis, Bonnie, et. al. "Salvation vs Damnation." Faithology.com. Faithology, 15 January 2013. Web. 6 December 2013.
Lewis, B., et. al. (2013, Jan 15). Salvation vs Damnation. Faithology.
Lewis, Bonnie, et. al. "Salvation vs Damnation" Faithology, LLC. Last modified January 15, 2013.
Faithology, LLC, 2012. (Accessed Dec 6, 2013).. Salvation vs Damnation.
- The Holy Bible: New Revised Standard Version
- Harent, Stéphane. "Original Sin." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 3 Feb. 2012 http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11312a.htm.
- Last Updated: January 15, 2013
- Originally Published: July 18, 2012
Christians believe that right and wrong are divinely ordained truths, and that God revealed his commandments to teach his followers the difference. Obedience to God’s laws and ordinances, and abiding by God's will, leads to––a return to Gods’ heavenly abode in the afterlife. , a separation from God, leads to expulsion from heaven in the next life.
The Law of Moses, as partly given in the Ten Commandments, is believed by Christians to be written on the heart of every person. Salvation is a gift given by God through the of Jesus . All those who believe in him "may not perish but have eternal life." The Holy Spirit is sent to change the heart of the person to believe in Jesus Christ and to desire to live a life that is holy and pleasing to God. Part of this life is a desire to obey these commandments, which Christians hold will ultimately lead to a full life. In this full life, one’s main goal is to "Love the Lord your God, with all your heart, all your mind, and all your strength." The Bible teaches that those who do not believe in Jesus will be punished in the afterlife. The reward of righteousness is salvation; the penalty is . Sin is an act in violation of God’s law; the term "transgression" is used synonymously.
The Adam and Eve led to the fall of humankind. Their eating of the forbidden fruit in direct violation of God's , "You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, nor shall you touch it, or you shall die" became the first sin in history. The doctrine of original sin states that humans are conceived and born in sin. This is based largely on writing, "For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous."and many denominations believe that the sin of
The Roman Catholic Church rejects "original sin" in favor of individual accountability. “Personal Sin” churches, as they are sometimes called, view each person as responsible for his or her own individual actions.
Atonement, Repentance, Forgiveness
According to God's plan, Jesus Christ was chosen as the anointed savior and redeemer. His sacrifice paid the price for human sin. Therefore, if people repent sincerely and believe in Jesus Christ, their sins will be forgiven.
Christians reconcile the law of the Old Testament with the gospel of Jesus in this way:
The Old Testament law, as presented in the, had purpose for both the Israelites as well as Christians. It also served the purpose of foreshadowing Christ and as a source of wisdom for Christians today. The Ten Commandments, found in the Old Testament book of , are laws describing how to be in a right relationship with God.
The Ten Commandments are known as “apodictic law,” or a universal foundation or principle for all who believe in it. That is, it is not just a moral code for believers to adhere to, but a set of laws or rules in which God has put into place to provide believers with a righteous way to live their lives. In the Old Testament, the laws were given as a set of rules to live by, and any act which went against these laws meant that an atoning sacrifice had to be made to right all wrongs. These “case laws” are set up in an “if… then” format, describing the sacrifice which be made according to the law that was broken.
For Christians, the Old Testament law is no longer needed as a means to salvation. Jesus Christ was the perfect law keeper and was also the redemptive sacrifice for all mankind. Thus, the law is not a means to salvation, but instead is an expression of wisdom.
Christians God the Father:the Old Testament law as a token of grace because of its ability to convict humanity of sin. Jesus suffered on the behalf of mankind, and the Holy Spirit uses the law as a means to both remind Christians of his sacrifice and help them to live in the way that God has created his people to live. The law was given to as a chosen nation state, and so many of the laws within the Ten Commandments (laws against adultery, stealing property, idol ) were composed in order to respect one’s community and one’s surrounding neighbors. Finally, Christians look upon the case law as a continual reminder of Christ’s sacrifice via his death on the cross. This act of redemption was a gift of grace sent by
For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life. Indeed, God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.
The "perishing" that is mentioned in this verse refers to life separated from God, which is the result of sin. An eternal separation from God is described in the Bible as a life of torment. Often this separation is described as a place called "hell" in which images of fire and the "gnashing of teeth" are given. Some believers even take descriptions from the Book of Revelation. Where these descriptions are listed, opinions differ among Christians as to whether this "fire" is literal—an actual lake of fire and brimstone, or figurative—the torment caused by an eternal separation of thefrom God.