Buddhism

Buddhism Overview
Overview

Buddhism Overview

Buddhism was founded in northeastern India during the 5th or 4th century BCE by a man named Siddhartha GautamaAlthough best known by his Sanskrit name, “Siddhārtha Gautama,” the Buddha’s original name in Pāḷi was Siddhattha Gotama. In addition, he is frequently known as Śākyamuni (c. 6th- c. 4th cen. BCE). After attaining nirvana, Gautama became known as the Buddha. The goal of the Buddhist religion is to eliminate suffering by achieving the same enlightenment as Gautama. Although Buddhism

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Topics

Homosexuality in Buddhism

At their cores, all forms of Buddhism are centered upon the idea that worldly desires are the cause of suffering. Generally speaking, sexuality is one of the greatest of these desires for Buddhist monks and nuns to avoid. These restrictions are relaxed for lay Buddhists. According to the Buddhist scholar Bernard Faure, there is no inclusive Indian term for "homosexuality," but early Buddhist authors were aware that sexual preference for same-sex partners existed. Faure, 81. Similarly, there

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Beliefs

Buddhahood

Buddhahood generally refers to the attainment of nirvana, or enlightenment. While buddhahood is a central part of each type of Buddhism, every division proclaims different doctrine related to the concept. All Buddhists generally recognize three types of buddhas. In early Buddhism, each of these types of buddhas have attained nirvana, and thus may also be referred to by the term "arhat." However, in Mahayana and Vajrayana circles, nirvana is no longer considered the ultimate goal of Buddhist pra

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Texts

Sutta Pitaka

The Sutta Pitaka is the largest of the three divisions in the Tipitaka. It contains all the doctrinal and ethical discourses and sermons  attributed to the Buddha, and includes a smaller number of teachings from his disciples. It is divided into the following four sections called Nikayas, or discourses, that are further subdivided into suttas: The Khuddaka Patha , a part of the Sutta Ptiaka, contains the Buddhist precepts that monks and nuns must abide by. A buddhist monk, pictured he

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