Buddhism

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Biographies

Fazang

Fazang (643-712 CE) was an influential Buddhist monk who lived in China during the Tang dynasty. He is regarded as the third patriarch of the Huayan (Skt. Avatamsaka, "Flower Ornament") denomination of Buddhism—a Chinese tradition based on the Avatamsaka Sutra. This long text consists of many smaller scriptures that possibly had served as independently circulated texts. Some of these texts were translated into Chinese from Sanskrit and Khotanese, a central Asian language, as early as the third

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Buddhism Overview
Overview

Buddhism Overview

Buddhism was founded in northeastern India during the 5th or 4th century BCE by a man named Siddhartha GautamaAlthough best known by his Sanskrit name, “Siddhārtha Gautama,” the Buddha’s original name in Pāḷi was Siddhattha Gotama. In addition, he is frequently known as Śākyamuni (c. 6th- c. 4th cen. BCE). After attaining nirvana, Gautama became known as the Buddha. The goal of the Buddhist religion is to eliminate suffering by achieving the same enlightenment as Gautama. Although Buddhism

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Holidays

Vassa

Rather than a festival or celebration, Vassa is a period of retreat taken by the Buddhist community during the three-month monsoon period. Usually mendicant wanderers, monks could not travel easily during the monsoon period in India.This may have been derived from a similar practice performed by pre-Buddhist ascetics in India. During the monsoon, ascetics would reside at their retreats, using the time to pursue meditation. Thus, historically, the monks sought temporary places of residence du

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Places

Bodh Gaya

Bodh Gaya  is one of the four main pilgrimage sites for Buddhist practitioners. Located in northeastern India, Bodh Gaya is the location where Siddhartha Gautama is said to have achieved nirvana.  In doing so, he became "the Buddha". During the 3rd century BCE, Emperor Ashoka built a shrine at the place that Gautama was believed to have achieved nirvana. A stone railing and water enclosure were placed around it during the 1st century CE.  The site houses what many believe to be

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