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Leatham, Jeremy, et. al. "Scientology Overview" Faithology, LLC. Last modified January 21, 2013.
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- McDowell, Michael, and Brown, Nathan Robert, World Religions at Your Fingertips, New York: Alpha Books, 2009.
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- Scientology.org. Church of Scientology International, 2011. Web. 13 Oct. 2011.
- Last Updated: January 21, 2013
- Originally Published: July 23, 2012
- The Faithology Editorial Staff
The Church ofwas founded in 1954 by Lafayette Ronald (commonly, “L. Ron”) Hubbard (March 13, 1911 – January 24, 1986). Its doctrines are based on , a spiritual and psychological treatment program developed by Hubbard. Scientology seeks to cleanse the human psyche of negative memories believed to inhibit an individual's full and potential. Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, together with Hubbard's follow-up works, form the Church's sacred texts. The official Scientology website numbers adherents near ten million, with members in many countries around the world.
Basic Scientology Beliefs
- : Creation, called “the Cause” by Scientologists, occurred billions of years ago. Part of that creation involved theta, the energy of life. Interaction among theta led to the creation of matter, energy, space, and time, or the visible universe.
- Enlightenment: Complete recordings of past experiences, called engrams, have accumulated in every individual's subconscious. Using the Dianetics counseling process—commonly referred to as —these "mental masses" of engrams, which surround the theta, may be detected. Once engrams are detected, the individual can learn to unburden him or herself of mental masses, allowing the individual to realize his or her full potential as a thetan.
- Diet: Scientology places no restrictions on food, but permits only those pharmaceuticals that treat physical ailments. Recreational drugs and those for psychological treatment are forbidden. Some Scientologists decline all drug-related treatments.
- Lafayette Ronald (commonly “L. Ron”) Hubbard (1911-1986) spent his early life investigating human behavior, life, and the universe. In July 1952, Hubbard concluded he had scientifically isolated, measured and described the human spirit. He developed Scientology to liberate the human soul through - and spent the rest of his life promoting this view of humanity.
- The first Church of Scientology was incorporated as a non-profit organization in New Jersey in 1953. Each church is independent, operating as a licensee of the Church of Scientology International, which is headquartered in Los Angeles, California.
- Church statistics list current membership at near ten million worldwide.
Scientologists declare that the basic responsibility of all life is. Scientology divides that command into eight compartments so that each aspect can be inspected and understood:
- Self: To survive as an individual.
- Creativity: To make things, including children, as a mechanism for future survival.
- : To survive as a group such as friends, a company, a state, or a race.
- : To survive through human nature as a species.
- : To survive as life forms with the help of birds, insects, fishes, vegetation, etc.
- : To survive by the physical universe and its four components—matter, energy, space, and time—that work together for mutual survival.
- : To survive as spiritual beings through ideas, abilities concepts.
- : To reach infinity—this concept encompasses the pervasiveness of everything.
In addition, Scientology has several credos and codes, which act as articles of faith and standards of conduct.